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Re: [Scheme-reports] WG2 Scheme and Polymporphism
Am 14.10.2011 14:20, schrieb Alaric Snell-Pym:
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> On 10/14/2011 01:07 PM, Denis Washington wrote:
>> Now with the WG1 process nearing its final draft, I thought it might be
>> time to think about what would be great to have in WG2. (I am neither a
>> WG1 or WG2 member, but I care a lot about Scheme.) There seem to be
>> quite a lot of ideas and proposals for this on the WG wiki already ,
>> but I think that a major thing is missing that I would expect from a
>> modern language in this age: first-class support for polymorphism and
>> generic programming.
> That would be nice, yes.
>> - Adding generic variant to the set of WG1 procedures where appropiate,
>> and/or redefining existing WG1 procedures to be generic. (For instance,
>> "map" could be redefined to work on arbitrary sequences, with a new
>> "list-map" procedure handling the special case of lists.)
> That would finally close the niggling inconsistency of giving list
> procedures nice names than the vector/string/etc equivalents ;-)
>> - Adding a way for programmers to define new kinds of polymorphic (sets
>> of) procedures.
>> For the latter, I propose to look into adding something like the
>> "protocols" feature of Clojure  into Scheme. In short, this feature
>> allows the definition of a set of procedures that would have to be
>> implemented for a type to "conform to the protocol".
> Is that necessary, as opposed to a basic define-generic / define-method
> mechanism? I'd quite like to see generic functions defined orthogonally
> to records-with-inheritance, too, if possible. Although records are the
> only standard way of creating disjoint user types, so there would
> obviously be a tight linkage between the two in practice, I see no
> reason to intertwine their semantics.
Protocols in Clojure are orthogonal to types. There is no inheritance or
some such, just a flat set of protocols and types that implement them.
define-generic / define-method is nice, but harder to implement efficiently.
>> This mechanism only supports single type-based dispatch, but in most
>> cases this is all that is needed, and this is very efficient to
>> implement on most platforms (the JVM and CLR have very fast single
>> dispatch, for instance).
> Aw, but multiply-dispatched generic functions are awesome!
Nobody forbids implementers to add multiple dispatch, too. I think that
single dispatch is better as a ubiquitous default system, though,
because of its performance and ease of implementations in
object-oriented VMs (JVM, CLR etc.)
> - --
> Alaric Snell-Pym
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